Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Problem Based Learning (Pbl) untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa PGMI Unipdu Jombang

  • Miftakhul Ilmi S. Putra
  • Andik Wahyun Muqoyyidin

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan efektivitas pembelajaran berorientasi Model PBL  ditinjau dari beberapa aspek sebagai berikut: 1)Aktivitas mahasiswa selama mengikuti pembelajaran PPKn yang berorientasi Model PBL; 2) Respon mahasiswa terhadap kegiatan pembelajaran PPKn berorientasi Model PBL. Pada penelitian ini, subjek diambil dari mahasiswa Semester 6 PGMI Unipdu Jombang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara tes dan wawancara. Selanjutnya untuk menguji kredibilitas data, dilakukan triangulasi waktu. Pada waktu yang berbeda diberikan tes dan wawancara dengan masalah yang ekuivalen dengan tes sebelumnya. Oleh karena itu, penulis melakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui hasil belajar mahasiswa dalam  menggunakan Model PBL. Penelitian ini dengan menggunakan “one group pretest-posttest design”. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan tes, dan dianalisis dengan analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian disajikan dalam bentuk tabel dan diagram. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa Ujicoba pembelajaran efektif menunjang kegiatan belajar mengajar yang didasarkan pada rata-rata pengelolaan pembelajaran berkategori baik. keseluruhan sintaks Model Pembelajaran PBL   terlaksana 100%. Aktivitas mahasiswa selama kegiatan belajar mengajar menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa belajar aktif. Respon mahasiswa terhadap Model Pembelajaran PBL   adalah kategori baik dan positif.


 

References

Ageorges, P., Bacila, A., Poutot, G., Blandin, B. (2014). Some lessons from a 3year experiment of problem based learning in physics in a French school of engineering. American Journal of Educational Research. Vol. 2 No. 8, pp. 564-567.
Arends, Richard. L. (2012). Learning to Teach 9Th edition. MC-Graw Hill Companies, Inc: New York.
Batdi, V. (2014). The effects of problem based learning approach on students’ attitude levels: A meta-analysis. Educational Research and Reviews. Vol. 9 No. 9, pp. 272-276.
Burden, P.R., & Byrd, D.M. (1994). Methods for effective teaching. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
Celik, P., Onder, F., and Silay, I. (2011). The effects of problem-based learning on the students’ success in physics course. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 28 pp. 656-600.
Costa, A.L., (1985.) Developing Minds: A Resource Book for Teaching
Dogan, I & Kunt, H. (2016). Determination of prospective preschool teachers' science process skills. Journal of European Education. 6 (1), 32-42.
Ennis, R. H. (1985). “Goals For A Critical Thinking Curriculum”. Dalam Costa, A.L. (ed). Developing minds: A Resource Book For Teaching Thinking. Alexandria: ASCD.
Ennis, R. H. (1991). Critical thinking: A streamlined conception. Teaching Philosophy, 14(1), 5-24. Thinking. Alexandria: ASCD.
Forawi, S.A. (2012). Perceptions on Critical Thinking Attributes of Science Education Standards. International Conference on Education and Management Innovation IPEDR vol.30 (2012) © (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore.
Fraenkel, Jack R., (2014). How to design and evaluate research in education 7th. McGraw Hill Companies, Inc: New York.
Geertsen, H. (2003). Rethinking thinking about higher-level thinking. Teaching Sociology. 31, 1-19.
Halpern, D.F. (1996). Thought and knowledge: An introduction to critical thinking. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Imafuku, R., Kataoka, R., Mayahara, M., Suzuki, H., & Saiki, T. (2014). Students’ experiences in interdisciplinary problem-based learning: A discourse analysis of group interaction. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning. Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 1-19.
Klegeris, A., Bahniwal, M., Hurren, H. (2013) Improvement in generic problemsolving abilities of students by use of tutor-less problem-based learning in a large classroom setting. Life Sciences Education. Vol. 12, pp. 73–79.
Liliasari, dkk 1997. Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Materi Subyek untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Konseptual Tingkat Tinggi Mahasiswa Calon Guru IPA, Laporan Penelitian, Bandung: FPMIPA IKIP Bandung.
Liliasari. 1996. Beberapa pola berpikir dalam pembentukan pengetahuan kimia oleh siswa SMA. Disertasi. PPS IKIP Bandung.
Moore, B.N., & Parker, R. (1994). Critical thinking. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
Moreno, R. (2010). Educational psichology. New Mecico. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
OECD. (2013). PISA 2015 collaborative problem solving framework. OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2014). PISA 2012 Results: What students know and can do – student performance in mathematics, reading and science (Volume I, Revised edition, February 2014), PISA, OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2015a). OECD Programme for International Student Assessment 2015. OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2015b). The Experience of Middle-Income Countries Participating in PISA 2000-2015, PISA, World Bank, Washington, D.C. OECD Publishing.
Pascarella, E., & Terenzini, P. (1991). How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass
Paul, R.W. (1995). Critical thinking: How to prepare students for a rapidly changing world. Santa Rosa,CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Paul, R.W. (2002). The International Center for the Assessment of Thinking: Critical thinking Essay Examination.Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Prahani, B. K., Nur, M., Yuanita, L. (2016). Validitas Model Self Confidence Collaborative Problem Solving. Seminar Nasional Unesa. Surabaya, 23 Januari 2016.
Presseisen, B.Z. 1985. “Thinking Skill: Meanings and Models”. Dalam Costa, A.L. (ed). Developing Minds: A Resource Book For Teching Thinking. Alexandria: ASCD
Putra, M.I.S. (2015) Pembelajaran IPA dengan Model Pembelajaran SSCS ( Search, Solve, Create, and Share) untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa PGMI Unipdu Jombang. Jurnal Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar. Vol. 7 No. 5 Mei 2015. ISSN: 1411-3805
Putra, M. I. S., Widodo, W. and Jatmiko, B. (2016). The development of guided inquiry science learning materials to improve science literacy skill of prospective mi teacher. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, JPII 5 (1) (2016) 83-93.
Putra, MIS. (2016). Implementasi Pembelajaran IPA Model Inkuiri Terbimbing Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Literasi Sains Calon Guru MI. Dirasat: Jurnal Manajemen dan Pendidikan Islam 1 (2), 263-284
Putra, MIS., Widodo, W, Jatmiko B. Mundilarto, M. (2018). The Development Of Science Cps (Collaborative Problem Solving) Learning Model To Improve Future Islamic Elementary School Teachers’ Collaborative Problem-Solving Skills And Science Literacy. Unnes Science Education Journal 7 (1) 35-49
Rosa, O. F. (2015). Pengembangan modul pembelajaran IPA SMP pada materi tekanan berbasis keterampilan proses sains. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika. Vol. 3 No. 1. 49-63.
Simon, H.A., & Kaplan, C.A. (1989). Foundations of Cognitive Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Skinner, V. J., Braunack-Mayer, A. , & Winning, T. A. (2015). The purpose and value for students of PBL groups for learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning, 9(1).
Sockalingam, N. & Schmidt, H. G. (2011). Characteristics of problems for problem-based learning: The students’ perspective. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning. Vol. 5 NO. 1, pp. 6-33.
Stahl, N.N., & Stahl, R.J. (1991). We can agree a er all: Achieving a consensus for a critical thinking component of a gied program using the Delphi technique. Roeper Review, 14(2), 79-88.
Stalker, S. L., Cullen, T., & Kloesel, K. (2014). Using PBM to prepare educators and emergency managers to plan for severe weather. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning. Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 1-9.
Sulardi, Nur, M., Widodo, W. (2015). Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran fisika model problem based learning (PBL) untuk melatih keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa. (Tesis Magister Pendidikan Tidak dipublikasikan). Pasca Sarjana UNESA.
Suryabrata, Sumadi.(2003). Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta : PT Raja Grafindo
Temel, S. (2014) The effects of problems based learning on pre service teachers's critical thinking dispotitions and perceptions of problems solving ability South African Journal of Education. Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 1-20.
Wallace, A. Berry., & D. Cave. (2009). Teaching Problem Solving and Thinking Skills through Science. Abington, Oxon: Routledge.
Published
2019-08-25
How to Cite
PUTRA, Miftakhul Ilmi S.; MUQOYYIDIN, Andik Wahyun. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Problem Based Learning (Pbl) untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa PGMI Unipdu Jombang. TARBIYA ISLAMIA : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Keislaman, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 180 - 198, aug. 2019. ISSN 2614-0527. Available at: <http://ejurnal.unim.ac.id/index.php/tarbiya/article/view/473>. Date accessed: 15 nov. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.36815/tarbiya.v8i2.473.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.